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高考英语Festivals around the world单元重点归纳与详解

2014-8-8 11:14:07 本站原创 shnwzb 【字体:

高考英语Festivals around the world单元重点归纳与详解

 

重点词汇

汉译英

1.美;美人n. _____________________

2.收获;收割n.& vt.& vi___________________

3.庆祝;祝贺n.___________________________

4(使)饿死;饿得要死v.____________________

5.诗人n.________________________________

6.农业;农艺;农学n.______________________

7.赞美;钦佩;羡慕vt._____________________

8.风俗;习惯n.___________________________

9.必要性;需要n_________________________

10.道歉;辩白vi.__________________________

11.明显的;显而易见的adj._________________

12.原谅;饶恕vt.__________________________

13.诡计;恶作剧;窍门n.

    欺骗;诈骗vt._________________________

 

英译汉

14. religious_____________________________

15. feast______________________

16. belief______________________

17. ancestor____________________

18. fool________________________

19. gain________________________

20. award______________________ 

21. energetic____________________

22. worldwide___________________

23. fashion_____________________

24. drown______________________

25. wipe_______________________

26. weep_______________________

 

词汇拓展

1. celebration n. _________v.

2. origin n._________adj.

3. arrival n._________v.

4. independence n._________adj.

5. agriculture n._________ adj.

6. energetic adj. __________ n.

7. necessity n._________adj.

8. permission n._________ v.

9. announcer n._________ vt._______ n. (通知)

10. belief n.__________ pl.

11. fool n._________vt._________adj.

 

重点词组

1.期望;期待;盼望_____________________

2.玩得开心___________________________

3.守信用;履行诺言_____________________

4.屏息;屏气___________________________

5.盛装;打扮;装饰______________________

6.日夜________________________________

7.使……想起……_______________________

8take place____________________________

9in memory of__________________________

10.play a trick on_________________________

11turn up______________________________

12set off_______________________________ 

 

词汇拼写过关

1. One of my favourite sayings is Understand all and______(宽恕) all.

2. We were shocked by the             ______(公告)that the mayor was  resigning.

3. He didn't really lose his walletthat's just a ___( 恶作剧).

4. Without my ______(允许) anyone is not allowed to enter.

5. It is difficult to get used to another country's ______(习俗).

6. I ______(钦佩) him very much for he is a learned and kind man.

7. I must ______(道歉) for not having been able to write to you sooner.

8. It is widely accepted that young babies learn to do things because certain acts lead to______ (奖赏).

9. She showed us the athletics              ______() she had won.

10. To get the job done ,one should be ______(充满活力的)and dynamic ( 动力的 ).

11. Your answer  is quite  _____(令人满意的 ). I am satisfied with it.

12. It was Edison who invented the electric______().

13. John set out that day to              ______() for work.

14. America  declared  its i         on July 4,1776.

15. In China,Tomb-sweeping Day(清明节) is a day to be in memory of their a            .

 

语言点用法过关

1.sth. be meant to

教材原句:

Festivals are meant to celebrate important times of year.节日是专门用来庆祝一年的重要时刻的。

考点释义

sth be meant/intended to do...某物专门被用来做……sth be meant/intended for...打算使某物为……所用mean sb to do sth./sb. be meant to do sth.打算让某人做某事mean sb. for...打算让某人成为……mean sth. to sb.对某人来说有……的价值I meant it.我说话算话。

I said I would help you and I meant it.

我说过我要帮助你,我说话算话。

I believe he is meant to be a soldier.我相信他天生是要当军人的。

活学巧用  写作句型演练:

1)他爸爸想让他成为一名工程师。

His father meant him to be an engineer.=______________________________.

2)钱对他来说没什么意义。

Money__________________________.

 

2.take place

教材原句:

Discuss when they take place,what they celebrate and what people do at that time.讨论它们(中国节日)是什么时间举行,庆祝的是什么事件,人们在那天做什么事。

考点释义

take place 发生

词义辨析

take place,happen,occur,come about,break out

take place按照事先的安排或计划而发生某事,             多指运动、变化、进步、会议或婚礼等happen指偶然或意外发生occur正式用语,可指偶然发生或按计划发生sth occur to sb.表示“某人想起、想到某事”come about中性词,既可以表达正面事情的发              生,也可以表达负面事情的发生break out仅用于负面场合,指战争、火灾、疾病、            地震等猛烈发生或突然发生

活学巧用  单项填空:

3Please tell me how the accident _____.I am still in the dark.

A.came by                B.came upon

C.came to                     D.came about

 

3.either...or...& do harm

教材原句:

...who might return either to help or to do harm.……(祖先们)有可能回到世上(给人们)提供帮助,也有可能带来危害。

考点释义1

either...or...或者……或者……neither...nor...既不……也不……not...but...不是……而是……not only...but also...不仅……而且……

用法:

①并列主语时,谓语动词要遵循就近一致原则;②并列句子时,表否定的neither,nor,not only 后面的分句要部分倒装。

活学巧用  用括号内词的正确形式填空:

4Either I or he _____(be) a teacher.

5______(be) either I or he a teacher?

考点释义2

do harm to sb.=do sb. harm对某人有害处do good to sb.=do sb. good对某人有好处do wrong to sb.=do sb. wrong冤枉某人

活学巧用  单项填空:

6Giving children whatever they want______.

A.do them harm            B.harm them

C.does harm for them        D.is harmful to them

教材原句:...people should go to clean graves and light incense in memory of their ancestors.……人们要扫墓、烧香,以缅怀祖先。

 

4In memory of

考点释义

in memory of纪念,追念

memory n.记忆,内存,存储(器)

have a good memory记性好pleasant memories美好的回忆the memory of the computer计算机的存储器

发散思维

in+n.+of

in praise of歌颂,赞扬in honour of纪念,向……表示敬意in favour of赞同,倾向于in support of支持in search of寻找in need of需要in want of想要,需要

活学巧用  单项填空:

7Washington,a state in the USA,was named

_____one of the greatest American president.

A.in memory of           

B.in favour of

C.in support of

D.in possession of

 

5.lead

教材原句:...because they think that this will lead the ancestors back to earth.……因为他们认为这样做将会把祖先引回到世上。

考点释义

v.lead to导致,通向lead sb.by the nose牵制某人lead/live a happy life过幸福的生活

n.take the lead in...在……方面领先in the lead处于领先位置hold/lose the lead保持/失去领先地位

活学巧用  完成句子:

8This bridge_____(通向)the island.

 

6.gain

教材原句: ...the leader who helped gain India's independence from Britain.……帮助印度从英国手中赢得独立的领导。

考点释义

gain v.& n.获得,收获

gain a reputation/support/experience/confidence赢得(获得)荣誉/支持/经验/信心gain weight/speed/height长胖/加速/增高gain in health健康状况好转gain time钟走快了

My watch gains two minutes every 24 hours.

我的表每24小时走快2分钟。

活学巧用  单项填空:

9By the time he finishes the part-time job,he_____much work experience.

A.will gain               B.will have gained

C.has gained             D.had gained

(10)A penny saved is a penny_____.

A.gained                  B.make

C.earning                        D.making

 

7.custom

教材原句:Festivals let us enjoy life,be proud of our customs and forget our work for a little while.节日让我们享受生活、以我们的习俗而自豪并且让我们暂时忘掉工作。

词义辨析

custom,habit,practice

custom风俗,习俗,指国家或社会的传统习俗habit指个人由于自然条件、社会环境、个人爱好等原因长期重复而自然养成的习惯practice惯例,习惯做法,既可指许多人也可指一个人长期做的某件事

form the habit of smoking养成抽烟的习惯

It's our practice not to make telephone calls after 11 p.m.

晚上11点后不打电话是我们的惯例。

Social customs vary greatly from country to country.

国与国之间的社会习俗有很大差异。

发散思维

the Customs海关customer顾客

活学巧用  单项填空:

11It is the____for the Japanese to take off their shoes when they get into a house.

A.custom               B.habit       C.customer           D.customs

12It's the____in the country to go out and pick flowers on the first day of spring.

A.use             B.habit         C.custom          D.turn out

 

8.turn up

教材原句:

But she didn't turn up.但她没来。

考点释义

偶然出现,出场,露面:Something good willturn up.被发现,被找到:The letter turned up finally.调高(音量、热量等):turn up the radio

活学巧用  单项填空:

13let's wait here for her;I'm sure she'll____

before long.

A.turn down          B.turn off

C.turn up               D.turn out

 

9.drown

教材原句:

He would drown his sadness in coffee.他将把他的悲伤淹没在咖啡里。

考点释义

vi.淹死,溺水:The sheep drowned after falling intothe river.vt.淹没,浸没:All the streets were drowned by thefloods.drown oneself in/sb.be drowned in埋头于,沉溺于

He drowned himself in work.他埋头工作。

活学巧用  单项填空:

14He is____in the deep sleep.

A.drowning  B.drawn   C.being drowned  D.drowned

 

10.hold one's breath & apologize

教材原句:...he was not going to hold his breath for her to apologize.……他不再凝神静气等着她道歉。

考点释义1

hold one's breath屏息

发散思维

out of breath(=breathlessly)上气不接下气take a deep breath(=breathe deeply)深呼吸catch one's breath(因激动、兴奋、恐惧等)屏息,歇口气lose one's breath喘不过气来short of breath呼吸困难breathe hard/heavily大口喘气,费力喘气breathe in/out/呼气

活学巧用  单项填空:

15_____,and you'll feel less nervous.

A.Take a deep breath            B.Out of breath

C.Lose your breath               D.Short of breath

考点释义2

apologize vi.道歉

apologize to sb.for(doing)sth.=make an apology to sb.for(doing)sth.因(做了)某事而向某人道歉apologize to sb.+that从句 因……向某人道歉

发散思维

apology n.道歉accept one's apology接受某人的道歉excuse/forgive/pardon sb.for(doing)sth.原谅某人(做了)某事

I made an apology to him for misunderstanding him.

我误解了他,所以向他道歉。

活学巧用  单项填空:

16The teacher apologized____late.

A.to his students to arrive

B.to his students for arriving

C.at his students to arrive

D.at his students for arriving

写作句型演练:

17)我因为回家晚了而向妈妈道了歉。

I apologized to my mother that I went home late.

=I_____my mother that I went home late.

 

11. set off

教材原句:As Li Fang set off for home...当李方回家的时候……

考点释义

出发,动身:set off for the station引发,引爆:set off the bomb(炸弹)

We set off early the next morning.

我们第二天一大早就出发了。

活学巧用   单项填空:

(18)I have_____everything that happened,as I remember it.

A.set off                             B.set on

C.set out                             D.set down

(19)His rudeness_____our anger.

A.set out                             B.set off

C.put off                            D.put up

 

12. remind

教材原句:I don't want them to remind me of her.我不想让它们使我想起她。

考点释义

remind提醒,使想起remind sb. of...使某人想起remind sb. of/about...提醒某人关于……remind sb. that从句   使某人想起;提醒某人(做)某事remind sb. to do sth.提醒某人去做某事remind sb. of doing sth.提醒某人已做过某事

活学巧用   单项填空:

(20)The photos on the wall_____my mother of those happy,old days when a large family lived together.

A.inform                                   B.approve

C.remind                                   D.retell

根据汉语提示完成下列句子:

21)这个故事使我想起了我的一次经历。

The story_____ _____ _____an experience I once had.

22)我提醒他得去上班。

I _____ _____ _____he had to go to work.

=I_____him_____ _____ _____ _____.

 

13. So he did.

教材原句:So he did.他确实那样做了。

考点释义

So do I.我也一样。So I do.我确实如此。表示说话者对前面或对方所说情况表示赞同或证实。I do so. 用来代替上文中的“动词+宾语(状语)”,以避免重复。

So do I.用于肯定。Neither/Nor do I.用于否定。So it is with sb./It is the same with sb.既用于肯定,也用于否定,陈述两种或两种以上的情况。

I am not sleepy;neither/nor is she.

我不困,她也不困。

Helen's father is a good worker and works very hard. So it is with Jack's.

海伦的父亲是一位优秀的工人,他工作非常努力。杰克的父亲也是如此。

活学巧用   单项填空:

(23)—You forgot your purse when you went out.

Good heavens,______.

A.so did I                           B.so I did

C.I did so                           D.I so did

(24)If you don't go,______.

A.so do I                                B.so will I

C.neither do I                             D.neither will I

(25)—I was a doctor and now I am a teacher.

______.

A.So am I                                 

B.So was I

C.So was and am I              

D.It is the same with me

完成句子:

(26)I can speak English.__________________.(你也会说。)

(27)—He works very hard at English.

________________________________.(他确实如此。)

(28)She asked me to wait for her,____________(我就等了).

 

14. 长难句突破

教材原句:While admiring the ice sculptures everywhere in the city,much like those in Harbin in China,you can stop with other tourists in an igloo for hot tea or coffee.

在这个城市的各个地方欣赏着跟中国哈尔滨很相似的冰雕的同时,你可以同别的游客停下来在圆顶冰屋里喝杯热茶或咖啡。

考点释义

while admiring相当于从句while you are admiring,当主从句主语一致,且从句中含be动词时,从句可以省略主语和be动词。

When talking with the teacher,he became very excited. 跟老师谈话的时候,他变得很激动。

While standing on top of the hill,you can get a view of the whole city.

站在山顶上,你可以看到整个城市。

活学巧用   单项填空:

(29)While______us her experience in Africa,she couldn't help weeping.

A.told                                B.tell

C.is telling                          D.telling

(摘自《英语周报》)

 

 

Festivals around the world单元重点归纳与详解》参考答案:

单元目标导航

重点词汇1.beauty  2.harvest  3.celebration  4.starve  5.poet  6.agriculture  7.admire  8.custom  9.necessity  10.apologize  11.obvious  12.forgive  13.trick  14.adj.宗教上的;信奉宗教的;虔诚的  15.n.节日;盛宴   16.n.信任;信心;信仰  17.n.祖先;祖宗  18.n.愚人,白痴,受骗者;vt.愚弄,欺骗;vi.干傻事,开玩笑;adj.傻的  19.vt.获得  20.n.奖,奖品;vt.授予,判定  21.adj.充满活力的;精力充沛的;积极的  22.adj.遍及全世界的;世界性的  23.n.样子;方式;时尚   24.vt. & vi.淹没;淹死;溺死  25.vt.擦;揩;擦去  26.vi.哭泣,流泪;n.哭,哭泣

词汇拓展

1.celebrate  2.original  3.arrive  4.independent  5.agricultural  6.energy  7.necessary  8.permit  9.announce;announcement  10.beliefs  11.fool;foolish/fool

重点词组

1.look forward to  2.have fun with  3.keep one's word  4.hold one's breath  5.dress up  6.day and night  7.remind...of...  8.发生  9.纪念;追念  10.搞恶作剧;诈骗;开玩笑  11.出现;到场  12.动身;出发;使爆炸

词汇拼写过关

1.forgive  2.announcement  3.trick  4.permission  5.customs  6.admire  7.apologize/apologise  8.rewards  9.awards  10.energetic  11.satisfying  12.lamp  13.hunt  14.independence  15.ancestors

语言点用法过关

活学巧用(1He was meant to be an engineer  (2)means nothing to him  (3)D  (4)is  (5)Am  (6)D  (7)A  (8)leads to  (9)B  (10)A  (11)A  (12)C  (13)C  (14)D  (15)A  (16)B  (17)made an apology to  (18)D  (19)B  (20)C  (21)reminded me of  (22)reminded him that;reminded;to go to work  (23)B  (24)D  (25)D  (26)So can you  (27)So he does  (28)and I did so  (29)D